How to Reset File and Folder Permissions to Default (Inherited ACLs) in Windows

icacls reset permissions file or folder

Incorrect permission entries assigned for a user account can prevent programs from accessing the file or folder. Or it may cause unauthorized users to have full access to the objects. In some cases, there may be a reference to obsolete user accounts (or SIDs) in the ACL (permissions list) that you want to clean up.

Have you modified the NTFS permissions for a file or folder wrongly, and want to revert to default (inherited ACLs)?

This article tells you how to replace the file or folder permissions with default inherited permissions quickly using the icacls.exe command-line. The information applies to all versions of Windows, from Windows Vista through Windows 10.

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[Fix] “We couldn’t update system reserved partition” error updating Windows

We couldn’t update system reserved partition

When upgrading to Windows 10 from Windows 7, 8, or 8.1, or updating Windows 10, you might encounter the error We couldn’t update system reserved partition, or error 0xc1900104, or error code 0x800f0922.

We couldn’t update system reserved partition
Error when updating Windows 10
We couldn’t update system reserved partition
Error when upgrading from Windows 7, 8, or 8.1.

This happens if the System Reserved Partition (SRP) is full. The System Reserve Partition is a small partition on your hard drive that stores boot information for Windows. Some third-party anti-virus and security apps write to the SRP, and can fill it up.

According to Microsoft, to upgrade your device, you’ll need to free up 15MB of space on the SRP using the appropriate method below. And then try the upgrade again. If you’re updating Windows 10, you need to free up 13MB.Read more

Fix for Windows Update Error 0x800F0922 in Windows 10/11

quality update 0x800f0922

When installing an update, especially a Cumulative Update or .NET Framework package in your Windows 10 or 11 computer, the update installation may fail with an error code 0x800F0922 (“CBS_E_INSTALLERS_FAILED“) or 0xc1900104 or the error message “Something didn’t go as planned”.Read more

Error “Could not find the Recovery Environment” When Resetting PC

could not find the recovery environment - reagentc.exe

When you attempt to use the Reset this PC option to Reset (“Remove everything”) or Refresh (“Keep my files”) Windows 10 or 11, the following error may appear:

Could not find the recovery environment

Insert your Windows installation or recovery media, and restart your PC with the media.

could not find the recovery environment - reagentc.exe

This error occurs if the Windows Recovery Environment (Windows RE) is disabled, or if the WinRE image is corrupted in the system.

tips bulb iconRegardless of this issue, you should be able to carry out Refresh or Reset operation by booting the computer with your Windows 10 or 11 Setup disk.

With the Windows RE feature disabled on the computer, if you boot into the Windows RE (without the setup or repair disk), the following features would be missing in the Windows Recovery Environment:

Additionally, if Windows RE is disabled or corrupted, the following error occurs when you attempt to create a Windows Recovery Drive (USB).

We can't create a recovery drive on this PC

We can't create a recovery drive on this PC
Some required files are missing. To troubleshoot problems when your PC can't start, use your Windows installation disc or media.

This article tells you how to fix the errors “Could not find the recovery environment” and “We can’t create a recovery drive on this PC” by enabling or repairing the Windows Recovery Environment feature.Read more

How to Find the Motherboard Make and Model Number in Windows

find motherboard make and model

Knowing the technical specifications of your motherboard is very important, especially if you’re planning to upgrade the processor or RAM. Once you find the make and model of your motherboard, you can get the user manual from the respective manufacturer’s site.

If you’ve got a computer from a friend and want to know the system specifications — including the motherboard make and model, information about the memory module, etc., you can do so without using any third-party tool.Read more

How to Split a Video or Audio (MP3) into Multiple Parts

cut audio or video multiple parts - loselesscut

The built-in Photos app can be used to cut a portion of a video file. Sometimes, you may need to split a video or audio into multiple parts with a specific duration. It helps you share them on Twitter or any other social networking site which has a length limitation. For instance, Twitter allows you to upload videos of length not exceeding 140 seconds (2m 20s.)

To split a video into multiple equal parts, you may have to repeat the procedure multiple times if you’re using the Photos app. Instead, you may use a third-party tool to split a video (MP4, MKV, AVI, or MPG) or audio (MP3, WAV, etc.) into multiple equal parts automatically.

In this article, let’s see how to cut a selection of a video or audio and save the selection to a separate file. This article also describes how to split a video or audio into multiple equal parts.

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Find the Total Execution Time of a Command or Program in Windows

measure total execution time of a command or program

You may sometimes want to to find the total execution time of a command or program you run. To optimize a script or program, it’s essential to know how long does it take for it to complete execution. This helps you compare the total run time of Program A vs. Program B and optimize your code, especially if you’re a professional software developer, analyst, or software tester.

Measuring the total execution time of a script or process is one of the most critical aspects of performance optimization. This article discusses various methods to find the total execution time of a program, script, or command in Windows.

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[Fix] Cannot Delete WindowsApps folder on Non-System Drives

cannot delete windowsapps folder

If you have changed the default app save location to an external hard drive or secondary drive, Windows will create three folders, namely, WpSystem, WindowsApps, and WUDownloadCache on the target drive.

You may later change your mind and revert the default save location to C:\. But you may be unable to delete the leftover WindowsApps folder on your secondary drive due to tight NTFS permissions assigned to the folder. The other two folders, WpSystem and WUDownloadCache can be deleted easily.

When you access the WindowsApps folder on your secondary drive, you may see the following message:

cannot delete windowsapps folder

You have been denied permission to access this folder.

And the Advanced Security Settings dialog shows the error:

Can't open access control editor. Unable to perform a security operation on an object that has no associated security.

cannot delete windowsapps folder

This article explains how to properly delete the leftover WindowsApps folder on your secondary or external hard disk drive(s).Read more

Restore “Import pictures and videos” AutoPlay Option in Windows 10/11

import pictures and videos autoplay windows 10

Windows 10 has the Import photos and videos option in the AutoPlay dialog which helps you import photos and videos from your phone, SD card, camera, etc. The option uses the built-in Photos app to import photos and media from the device into your Pictures folder.

import pictures and videos autoplay windows 10

However, many users would like to have the classic “Import pictures and videos” import wizard (powered by the Windows Photo Viewer) instead.Read more

Fix: Command Prompt Tab to Autocomplete not working

autocomplete path characters in command prompt

The Command Prompt has a handy little feature that lets to change directory paths using autocomplete. To change to a directory or type a directory name, you can type the starting letters of the directory and press the TAB key to autocomplete the file or folder path.

(To learn how to use TAB autocomplete in Command Prompt, check out the examples provided at the end of this article.)

File and folder paths autocomplete feature is enabled by default in Windows 10. But if it stops working for some reason, this article tells you how to fix it.Read more