There are many different types of diagnostic logs in Windows. Each log is to diagnose a specific component. The Windows Update client creates the Windows Update ETL or Windows Update log files, the Component-Based Servicing uses “cbs.log”, and the DISM tool writes to “dism.log”, etc.Read more
How to Completely Uninstall a Driver in Windows 11/10
Windows comes with many built-in drivers for various hardware. When you connect a device to your computer, Windows will automatically install drivers from the driver store. If a suitable driver is unavailable in the store, you can use the vendor-supplied device driver or let Windows download the device driver automatically from the Microsoft Update servers.Read more
[Fix] Turn Windows Features On Or Off is Blank in Windows 10/11
The Windows Features dialog box (optionalfeatures.exe) lets you add or remove additional or optional Windows features. For instance, you can remove Media Features → Windows Media Player using the Windows Features (“Turn Windows Features On Or Off”) dialog box if you no longer plan to use WMP. Sometimes, the “Turn Windows Features On Or Off” … Read more
How to Repair Windows 10/11 System Files Using DISM and SFC
If the system files in your Windows 10/11 computer become corrupt and the System File Checker (
SFC /scannow) is unable to reinstate the critical system files, it’s due to corruption of the Component Store located in the
C:\Windows\WinSxS directory. This directory contains the files needed for the SFC utility to restore missing or damaged system files. The Component store stores all the Windows system files grouped by components and as hard links.
Disk Cleanup Bug : 3.99 TB Used by Windows Updates [Fixed]
After installing a Windows 10 Cumulative Update, when you run Disk Cleanup (cleanmgr.exe) as administrator to cleanup system files, it may incorrectly show 3.99 TB as being occupied by older versions of Windows Updates.Read more
How to Find Windows version, build and edition from ISO or DVD
Windows 10 or Windows 11 ISO files downloaded from Microsoft will have descriptive names, such as
en_windows_10_pro_14393_x86_dvd.iso, depending upon the variant you downloaded. The file name depicts the language, version, build edition, and the bitness of the Operating System contained in the ISO.Read more
How to Backup and Restore Device Drivers in Windows 11/10
This article tells you how to export/backup and import/restore the device drivers in Windows 10 or 11. The task can be accomplished using the DISM command-line tool or PowerShell.
If you have OEM branded computer, you’re usually provided with a restore media or a recovery partition on the hard drive. And restoring the computer using the OEM’s recovery options would put back all the pre-installed software and drivers.Read more
How to Reinstall Microsoft Print to PDF After Deleting it Accidentally
Windows 10 and 11, as you know, includes the Microsoft Print to PDF virtual printer built-in that can print (convert) documents to PDF format from any application.
Microsoft Print to PDF is a handy tool in Windows 10/11. In the previous Windows Operating Systems, users needed to use a third-party tool or virtual printer driver to convert documents or web pages to PDF. Most users, including me, have been relying upon the Cute PDF Writer driver or similar drivers supplied with PDF reader applications — e.g., Adobe Acrobat or Fox It Reader. And don’t forget Microsoft’s own Office Add-in: Microsoft Save as PDF or XPS.
Interestingly, many Windows 10/11 users accidentally delete Microsoft Print to PDF and wonder how to restore it. This post explains how to restore/reinstall the Microsoft Print to PDF printer if you’ve accidentally deleted it.Read more