Get File Hash Checksum (MD5, SHA-256) via Right-click Menu

Hashing means taking an input string of any length and giving out an output of a fixed length. Using the cryptographic hashing algorithm — e.g., MD5, SHA-256, SHA-384, you can verify if two files are identical or not. The checksum is a hash value used for performing data integrity checks on files. It’s a kind of signature for a file.

When you download large files from the internet such as the Windows 10 ISO images, there are chances that the file gets corrupt or a few bits lost due to inconsistent connection or other factors. Hash verification is the best way to compare the two hashes – source file on a website or server versus the downloaded copy.

Many software vendors put up the hash for file downloads on their site. You might have seen in torrent sites that a hash value usually accompanies the download link.

get file hash via the right-click menu

Also, the hash checksum comparison is an excellent way to identify duplicate files in a computer or compare two folders.

In this article, let’s see how to get the cryptographic hash using MD5, SHA-256, SHA-384 algorithms using various methods, and how to integrate the functionality into the context menu.

Get File Hash Checksum via the Right-click Menu in Windows

Using PowerShell

Using Windows PowerShell (powershell.exe), you can quickly get the file hash with a single command-line. Here is the command-line example:

get-filehash -path "C:\Users\ramesh\Desktop\reinstall-preinstalledApps.zip" | format-list

This outputs the file hash (by default, it uses the SHA256 algorithm) as shown below:

get file hash via the right-click menu

Algorithm : SHA256
Hash      : 3A0F056494EB1C0257FCDB59F9F93811962D4F796AD2596EC6FF1CDF8D365470
Path      : C:\Users\ramesh\Desktop\reinstall-preinstalledApps.zip

To use any other algorithm — e.g., SHA384, you can add the -Algorithm SHA384 parameter to the above command-line.

Example:

get-filehash -path "C:\Users\ramesh\Desktop\reinstall-preinstalledApps.zip" -Algorithm SHA384 | format-list

The acceptable values for the -Algorithm parameter are:

  • SHA1
  • SHA256
  • SHA384
  • SHA512
  • MD5

Copy to the clipboard

To copy the output to the clipboard, pipe the output to the clip command, as below:

get-filehash -path "C:\Users\ramesh\Desktop\reinstall-preinstalledApps.zip" | format-list | clip

Integrate the command to the right-click menu

To add the PowerShell command to the right-click menu for files, here is a .reg file:

Windows Registry Editor Version 5.00

[HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Classes\*\shell\gethash]
@="Get File Hash"

[HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Classes\*\shell\gethash\command]
@="powershell -WindowStyle Minimized -command get-filehash -literalpath '%1' -algorithm SHA256 | fl | clip"
  • Copy the above lines to Notepad and make a .reg file. For more information, see the article How to create and use .reg files.
  • Double-click the .reg file to apply the contents to the registry.
  • Now, right-click on a file and click Get File Hash command in the context menu.
    get file hash via the right-click menu

The command launches PowerShell, which in turn generates the file hash and copies it to the clipboard automatically.

To remove the context menu option you added, use this undo .reg file

Windows Registry Editor Version 5.00

[-HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Classes\*\shell\gethash]

Using Certutil.exe with VBScript

Certutil.exe is a built-in command-line program that is installed as part of Certificate Services. You can use Certutil.exe to compute file checksum using various hashing algorithms. The following command-line syntax is to be used to calculate the SHA256 checksum of a file using Certutil.exe from a Command Prompt window.

certutil.exe -hashfile file_name SHA256

If you want to implement Certutil.exe in your right-click menu, here is a VBScript that exactly does it.

  1. Copy the following VBScript code to Notepad.
  2. Save the file with .vbs extension – e.g., get-hash-certutil.vbs in a permanent folder.
    'Get File hash via the right-click menu
    'SHA256 hash for the file is copied to the clipboard automatically
    'Created: June 4, 2019 by Ramesh Srinivasan - winhelponline.com
    
    Option Explicit
    Dim WshShell, sOut, sFileName, sCmd, oExec, strInput
    Set WshShell = WScript.CreateObject("WScript.Shell")
    
    If WScript.Arguments.Count = 0 Then
       strInput = InputBox("Type ADD to add the Get File Hash context menu item, or REMOVE to remove the item", "ADD")
       If ucase(strInput) = "ADD" Then
          sCmd = "wscript.exe " & chr(34) & WScript.ScriptFullName & Chr(34) & " " & """" & "%1" & """"
          WshShell.RegWrite "HKCU\Software\Classes\*\shell\gethash\", "Get File Hash", "REG_SZ"
          WshShell.RegWrite "HKCU\Software\Classes\*\shell\gethash\command\", sCmd, "REG_SZ"
          WScript.Quit
       ElseIf ucase(strInput) = "REMOVE" Then
          sCmd = "reg.exe delete HKCU\Software\Classes\*\shell\gethash" & " /f"
          WshShell.Run sCmd, 0
          WScript.Quit
       End If
    Else
       sFileName = """" & WScript.Arguments(0) & """"
       sCmd = "cmd.exe /c certutil.exe -hashfile " & sFileName & " SHA256" & _
       " | findstr /v " & chr(34) & "completed successfully" & Chr(34) & " | clip"
       WshShell.Run sCmd, 0
    End If
  3. Double-click the file to run it.
  4. In the input box that appears, type ADD and click OK.

It adds the Get File Hash command in the context menu.

get file hash via the right-click menu

Clicking on the menu item computes the SHA256 hash and copies it to the Clipboard automatically.

Open Notepad and paste the file hash stored in the clipboard.

get file hash via the right-click menu - certutil

Note: To remove the context menu entry, double-click the file to run it. Then, type REMOVE and click OK.

The above script uses the built-in certutil.exe to generate file hash, by running the command and redirecting its output to the clipboard using Clip.exe:

certutil -hashfile file_name SHA256

This is how the output will look like when running it from Command Prompt.

get file hash via the right-click menu - certutil

Certutil.exe supports the MD2 MD4 MD5 SHA1 SHA256 SHA384 SHA512 hashing algorithms.

Another way to get the file hash via context menu is by using a third-party utility like HashMyFiles.




HashMyFiles utility from NirSoft

HashMyFiles is small utility from Nirsoft that allows you to calculate the MD5 and SHA1 hashes of one or more files in your system. You can easily copy the MD5/SHA1 hashes list into the clipboard, or save them into text/HTML/XML file. HashMyFiles can also be launched from the context menu of Windows Explorer, and display the MD5, SHA256, SHA384, SHA512 hashes of the selected file or folder.

get file hash via the right-click menu - hashmyfiles

From the Options menu, click Enable Explorer Context Menu option to enable it. It adds the HashMyFiles option to the context menu for files and folders.

get file hash via the right-click menu - hashmyfiles

Download HashMyFiles from Nirsoft.net


Using 7-Zip

The popular compression utility 7-Zip has a feature that can compute the CRC or SHA checksums via the right-click menu. 7-Zip is a widely used software and it’s most likely that you may have installed it on your computer.

In 7-Zip setup doesn’t enable the option already, you can turn it on by clicking the Tools menu, clicking Options and enabling the CRC SHA > option under the Context menu items: listing. Click OK to save your setting.

get file hash right-click menu 7-zip

Then, all you need to do is right-click on a file, click CRC SHA and then select a hashing algorithm such as CRC-32, CRC-64, SHA-1, SHA-256 from the sub-menu. To select all of the above hashing algorithms (and BLAKE2 algorithm in addition), click the asterisk (*) option.

get file hash right-click menu 7-zip

The checksum information is presented in a separate dialog.

get file hash right-click menu 7-zip

You can select the items and press Ctrl + C on your keyboard to copy it to the clipboard.


Using HashTools from Binary Fortress

HashTools by Binary Fortress Software computes and checks hashes with just one click! Supports CRC32, MD5, SHA1, SHA256, SHA384, SHA512 and SFV’s, as well as integration into the Windows Explorer context menu for one-click access.

Install HashTools or run the portable edition or the tool. Click on the Options button shown with the gears icon, and click Add to Windows Context Menus.

Right-click on a file or a set of files, and click Hash with HashTools in the context menu.

get file hash via the right-click menu - hashtools

This launches the HashTools program and adds the selected file(s) to the list. Next, click on a hashing algorithm (e.g., CRC, MD5, SHA1, SHA256, etc) to generate the hash checksum for the files.

get file hash via the right-click menu - hashtools

Do you know any other tool or method to calculate file hash? Let’s know in the Comments section below.


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About the author

Ramesh Srinivasan founded Winhelponline.com back in 2005. He is passionate about Microsoft technologies and he has been a Microsoft Most Valuable Professional (MVP) for 10 consecutive years from 2003 to 2012.

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