Here is a mysterious case of the icon overlap problem, which the screenshot below explains perfectly. You can see the original icon for shortcuts is overlapped by a generic white overlay (which is shown for unknown file types). An incorrect icon overlay setting is causing the problem.
As the issue is seen only for shortcuts (.lnk and .url files), the problem is with the “Shell Icons” registry key which you can use to hide or change the arrow icon for shortcuts.
For a proper way to remove or modify the shortcut arrow icon overlay, read the article How to Remove or Modify the Shortcut Overlay in Windows.
And here is a variation of the same issue, but this time the black square boxes are covering up the shortcut icons. This can happen if the blank icon within
shell32.dll, 50 is used to remove the shortcut arrows.
Here is the particular registry key you want to check out.
In the subject computer, the value named 29 in the above registry location was pointing to the following .ico file:
Presumably, a software called “WinBubble” was used to change the icons, and later the user removed the program — making the .ico file path invalid. The invalid reference causes the white icons (or black boxes) to show up as the shortcut overlay.
To remove the overriding registry value, start the Registry Editor (
Regedit.exe) and go to the “Shell Icons” branch mentioned earlier.
Delete the value named
29 and restart Windows.
This should resolve the problem.
If the icons don’t refresh automatically, then refresh the icons manually. If that doesn’t do the trick, rebuild the icon cache.
See also: How to Fix Missing Shell Icons in Various Places in the Windows User Interface?